Hello everyone, I want to ask something which has been in my mind ever since I started designing logos for my client. I used to download fonts and make little adjustments to them during the logo designing process. I did not care about licencing thing. But I have been lucky I guess that I never got into trouble. For last 3 years I have been doing this! But I really wasn’t doing that on purpose. I was ignorant about all copyright things.
Since I got some awareness now, I want to buy a typeface. But I have some doubts. Suppose I purchased a Gotham typeface (whole family of Gotham fonts), and got the licence from its owner for commercial purpose, then if I drew a logo from that font and delivered it to my client. My client promoted its business worldwide. And suppose that font owner found out that my client has used his font in his logo. How would he react to that? - will he ask my client for the font’s licence? Sorry if you find this question stupid but I really don’t know how it works. Please help me.
As @Smurf2 mentioned, read the EULA that came with the software. There aren’t many EULAs that prohibit a paid-for font from being used for client work. I mean, that’s the whole purpose of buying a font.
The litigation is especially fascinating since typeface designs are not copyrightable in the United States. U.S. law prohibits it. Type designs can be patented, but a patent is time-consuming, expensive, and lasts only 15 years. As a result, very few typefaces have patents.
For a time, the copyright office was accepting copyrights for font files as software — actually copyrighting the code. However, they’ve stopped routinely doing this unless the foundry can demonstrate that the font file software contains substantial amounts of handwritten code (which they seldom do) as opposed to code written by an already copyrighted software application, such as FontLab or Robofont.
Many other countries handle typeface copyrights differently, but in the U.S., most EULAs that depend on copyrights as the basis of the litigation are doomed to fail in the courts.
Again I feel I have to mention,
When purchasing the font, read the EULA very closely.
Some foundries are forbidding the usage of their fonts for 3D, real-world purposes. Don’t saddle your client with an extra licensing process for making their logo into a 3D sign for their building or office wall.
We’re seeing this only in very off-market “free for personal use” fonts and I believe it is aimed at the 3D printer market, totally forgetting other real world applications of lettering in the way the license is worded.
Just read the EULA carefully.
It is important to always read the license for every font that you use. Each font family directory contains the appropriate license file for the fonts in that directory. The fonts files themselves also contain licensing and authorship metadata.
Google fonts, which is what Jakub was referring to, all have the same license. They’re open-source and freely available for use or modification for almost any purpose with no strings attached. Read the EULA once, and you’re good to go for all of them. It’s part of the requirement for Google to consider hosting them.
I always love the limited liablity part. And with stock photos comes the indemnity part. If people actually read the stock photo license, with what most of them say, they’d never use stock images again.
As Smurf is pointing out, the license can change. Saying you don’t need to read it is like saying all Creative Commons licenses are the same. They are not. It is up to the designer not to land their client in a world of yuck because they couldn’t be bothered to read the fine print. With Apache, it takes 5 minutes of your time. If you don’t understand the language of the license, question what you are doing in this business, cuz that is part of your job. (If you really don’t understand the license, find someone who does who can explain it to you.)
No it can’t. If I produce a font that is specified to use the SIL Open Font License version 1.1 and SIL subsequently bring out version 1.2 then my font would still be under version 1.1 especially if the text of the license was included along with the font (which I always do).
Indeed not all open source/creative commons licenses are the same. But if you copy the text of the license and include it with the thing that you are giving away then that is the license it is under.
The SIL OFL is well thought out it is similar to the GNU LGPL in that it allows derivative works to be under any license. Some people who produce free fonts use the GNU GPL license which means that all derivative works also need to be under the GNU GPL which means they are not suitable for commercial work.
GNU GPL requires that anything produced with the thing which is GPL’d ia also under GPL.
GNU LGPL does not have this restriction and was produced specifically for things like compilers (but can equally well apply to fonts) so that things produced with the LGPL’d software can be under any license you like.
This covers things produced with the LGPL’d whatever, not modified versions of the thing itself. So if a font were under LGPL then you could produce a commercial printed book which was copyright using that font but if you modified the font itself it would have to be under LGPL or GPL.
The OP is making a blanket statement that Apache 1.1 and Apache 2.1 (or whatever) are the same. I get that one individual font will have one license. But when licenses change version numbers it could be critical to know the differences, so one must read them to find out which version applies.
It’s like that Creative Commons thing I mentioned. “Oh I used this image cuz it’s free, it says CC on it.” But there are at least 5 levels of Creative Commons licensing and unless you actually read the license, you can’t assume it’s CC0. Using something CC-NC could be a problem.
You download version 1.1 and it says in the license that’s it ok for commercial licenses.
You read and understand that.
2 years later you go in and find the same font and download it again assuming the same blanket ‘Asher Management’ (ah sure won’t it do)…
But version 2.0 says it can’t be used for commercial use.
You’re going on the assumption that it was fine for 1.1 so 2.0 MUST be the same.
Or worse. You download the font under 1.1 - and the client wants the same font and downloads the font that was under 1.2 - now you have conflicting license agreements.
Again - main issue here was the words ‘waste your time reading EULAs’
Here’s a real life example in different scenario:
I do some work in a very controlled environment. And if they tell me that this is done under the guidelines of version 1.2. (there’s about 1000 different products all with their own set of guidelines and all versioned)
I go into their system - locate the guidelines. I see that the guidelines are 1.1 - I cannot go ahead. As 1.2 will have differences, so I have to request permission to proceed with 1.1 or can they supply 1.2.
If I go into the system and see I’m looking for 1.2 - and there’s a version 1.3 available, I then have to ask if it is ok to use the newer version.
No. As I said I include the text of the license as a plain text file with the font I produce, that is the license it is under not any subsequent license put out by SIL. Although other people who produce fonts may just download the latest license without checking it but in my opinion that is just sloppy practice.