Have you thought that maybe your questionnaire is biased? It presupposes that designers actually think responsibility is a thing. I can guarantee you many if not most of the crowdsource type designers don’t even give responsible design a thought and at this point they probably far outnumber the ‘responsible’ designers. LOL!
I looked at your questionnaire. Maybe later tonight.
Every job, I have to remind designers that my sheet goods are limited to 48" x 96". Because cutting tools have a blade kerf dimension or bit diameter, I have to remind them that to get a full 24" x 48" graphic out of a board, you get only one, not four. The rest is waste. It’s a struggle sometimes to get them to think in terms of 23" x 47"
Other items like vinyl banner material that ‘breaks down’ in landfills gives absolutely no information on what it breaks down into. A lot of the early ones were still PVC held together with a plant based cellulose type thing. It broke down alright. Into those microplastics your reading about now. We never used it cuz it printed like crap.
The fun stuff was the honeycomb board. When you cut that stuff the edges look like absolute crap cuz you aren’t cutting all four sides with the same amount of honeycomb (and it tends to be furry.) We have the means to cap the edges, but the clients don’t want it. They want their end demographic to see they are using post-consumer boards for their wall art and booth prints. LOL!
Acrylic, PVC, or other plastic sheet stock is not recyclable if it has adhesive on it. How do printers mount prints to the board? With adhesive…
We once used some plastic that was made from recycled milk containers. It cost $800 for each 36" x 60" sheet. It had tooling problems that I can’t really get into, but suffice to say it was many times that when we got done with it.
For a while that kind of product was novel and used quite a bit. Most of the time it didn’t behave properly or printing on it was a challenge that added more to the cost of the material. It was a fad that has since sort of died away unfortunately. If you’ve checked recently into the recycling market, you’ll find that plastics are no longer being collected in any meaningful way. China stopped taking our plastic a few years ago. Too dirty. Americans can’t be trusted to recycle correctly.
Environmental Graphics (in the meaning where the graphics enhance a living or working space, or a venue like a restaurant or science museum) have their own category in LEED requirements. Sourcing of product is a major consideration. IE was in manufactured within 500 miles of the facility? Or was it manufactured in China and travel thousands of miles by diesel-powered container ship? Was any paper sourced sustainably? What is the wall life of the product (does it have to be replaced often or does it have a 10 year expected life span?) If it has to be replaced, what happens to the old pieces? Can they be recycled?
I can go on and on. For a while it was my job to know all this stuff and what was available. I can still source stuff if you want it (if it’s in the supply chain and don’t get me started on THAT right now) but if it is an odd material, hard to source or difficult to work with, the client has to pay that premium and sometimes they are, I won’t say unwilling, but simply just unable to make the cost. So while the designer may have been consciously responsible, they also have to remain within their clients’ budgets. It’s a tightrope walk for sure.