Suggestons to improve site - particularly menu

I have a few websites, all with basically the same menu structure. See

for the site I am most bothered about. I did not write the CSS for this menu - it is well outside my skill level, but I wrote all the XHTML. I just use the vi text editor on a Linux or Unix system. To my knowledge, every page of the website passes the W3C validator, except for pages which include some PayPal forms. Every page passes the Google Mobile Friendly test site. I don’t think its too bad for search engines, and it has an EV SSL certificate, which is hardly necessary to be honest, as any purchases are done via PayPal, and the site does not collect any personal data.

The problem is, several people have made negative comments about the site

  • It looks dated
  • The ascetics are poor

The more I look at it, and compare it to other sites, the more I agree they are right.

I’m looking for ideas to improve it - especially the menu structure. The Kirkby Microwave 85033 SMA 7 GHz calibration kit you see on the sales menu has about 10 different options available for that, but I don’t have any way of putting them all on the menu.

I found some CSS on the web for a two-level menu, and whilst it worked on a desktop, it was not mobile friendly at all.

Can anyone suggest how I can improve the look of the site, and make it a bit more modern looking? In particular, I would prefer an improved menu.

I would rather stick to CSS and not Javascript.


For starters, add some columns to the grid. People don’t like to read long lines of text, which is what happens on a widescreen.

The menu has too many items and too much space between items.

The website could use a bit more decorative features such as background imagery and borders.

Information architecture: you can reduce the number of items with a sub-navigation scheme.

The feedback you’ve gotten so far is correct: it looks dated and the aesthetics are poor. One suggestion:

– If it is at all within your budget, hire a professional website designer. Yes, it will cost you money, but it will be money well spent.

If you don’t want to go that route and insist on doing it yourself, here are more direct suggestions:

– Incorporate branding into the site. The URL says Kirby Microwave. I guess that’s the name of the company, but there are no visual clues. The company’s logo and visual branding should be an integral part of the site.

– You color scheme is all over the place. Develop a cohesive color palette for the site (which should be based on the company’s branding.

– As designzombie mentioned, you need to work on the information architecture. One example of this is the FAQs. It’s fine if you want to have FAQ as part of the main menu, but don’t put all of the FAQs in the drop down menu.

– Having a site that validates is nice, but there’s no need to put the badges on your site.

– Hire a proof reader. With just a quick glance, I spotted grammatical errors.

– Consider reworking the site in WordPress. There are a ton of great looking WordPress templates (themes) out there that can be picked up for low cost / no cost.

Why? You’ll find more pre-built menu options if you’re open to using a little JavaScript/JQuery. You won’t need to write any JavaScript other than make a few minor modifications. The rest is basic HTML/CSS. For example:

Menus should be short and to the point. They’re meant to quickly get people to those main areas of a site where the pertinent information resides. If needed, you can subcategorize things on those pages in other menus specific to those sections. What you should not do is try to cram a bunch of wordy information into what is really just the equivalent of a table of contents.

And speaking of wordy, your site goes into great detail on everything. It’s a technical site, so I suppose a certain amount of this is necessary, but honestly, a good copy editor would be able to trim down what you’ve written into something only half as long, that would say just as much and be twice as easy to digest.

This is all well and good and something that I might remind others to pay attention to. However, this is all backend stuff that really has little to do with the aesthetics of your site or whether or not it looks professional to your potential customers.

Your website’s front page doesn’t look like a front page — there’s no company name, no logo, no anything that most people have come to expect a front page to be.

A good thing you’ve done is to resist the temptation to decorate your site with a bunch of random typefaces, do-dads and multi-colored type in dozens of different sizes.

I don’t know about your other sites you mentioned, but judging from what you’re selling, I doubt your customers are all that interested in a stylish website. This simplifies things into just making the site functional and looking like it belongs somewhere within this particular decade rather than the 1990s.

I can’t teach you how to design your site in a few paragraphs. It’s taken me years to get to that point. I might recommend, however, that you not try to design your site yourself because, well, you’ve already given it your best shot.

Now that you’ve waded through all of that, my recommendation is to ignore half of what I’ve written and use a content management system (CMS), like Wordpress. Then find a good template in which to add all your content. This way, the menu and the general design would already be included, and you could concentrate on just adding your content instead of coding everything from scratch.

This is such a no-brainer to graphic designers that it didn’t occur to me it was missing. It almost seem sarcastic to say good catch. I know the OP has a company logo because it’s in the favicon. But the favicon is obviously not enough. Now I’m baffled as to why it wasn’t used.

Thank you everyone. To address the points raised

  1. When I first set the site up, nobody would have known the company name, so I guess I was not bothered about having that as prominent as it should be. But when I look at other companies,

  2. Yes, I do have a company logo. logo-512x512
    I think I should add the company name on that too. The odd shape is a Smith Chart.

  3. @designzombie I’m not sure how to add columns to the grid - as I said, my knowledge of CSS is pretty slim. The present menu, whilst I admin not too nice, does at least work on mobile devices too. Not so sure that would happen if there was a more rigid grid. I guess I need to find some way of getting a bit of whitespace between the different items, rather than it all be black.

  4. The other site I administer is one for my amateur radio club It is similar in structure, but in some ways I guess cleaner, as there’s not so much content crammed in there. The events section on the menu is one per year, rather than every event the club had. (Only really 2015 and 2016 have much content though). But of course this site is less important to me, as I don’t make any money from it, whereas I do from the Kirkby Microwave website. But I can see the need to make my menu less crowded.

  5. As a small company (I’m the only employee), I can’t really justify the cost of a professional web designer.

The other issue would be finding someone. The industry seem to be full of people claiming to be “experts”, but in many cases I think they have less idea than me.

I’m forever getting emails from people that claim to be web developers and SEO specialists, that don’t have a site, and have a gmail address!

Are there any recognized industry qualifications or standards? For example, I’ve a PhD and a chartered engineer. It gives someone some basis for judging me on my technical ability, but I don’t know when it comes to this area - it seems to be full or charlatans! . I get 100’s of emails telling me they are experts. This bunch, who I think are from India, gave me a report about all the technical errors. It’s funny when you see they have not even got their front page secure, despite having an SSL certificate. They also told me I have lots of HTML errors, but I don’t think that’s true, whereas their site is littered with them. Strangely, they never commented on the ascetics. I suspect they just send the same spam to every company, and hope some bite.

  1. I might well give WordPress a go myself, and forget the hand-coded HTML. I don’t have WordPress on the web server (Debian Linux system), but I don’t suppose installing it is hard. I have a pretty good knowledge of Unix.

  2. @Just-B Yes, I agree, a good copy editor would be useful. I’ll see if I can convince someone who retired from that as a job, to do some work for me. He has a good technical knowledge of this area.

I’m not sure how well it would work with someone without some electronics engineering background. I have a good friend, who is unemployed, and good at English. I don’t know if she would be much help, but I think it would be impossible to get her to take any money, and I’d feel guilty about that.


It’s not difficult to install WordPress on a Linux system. You’ll need Apache, php and a MySql database, but given your background that shouldn’t be difficult to set up. Once WordPress is installed, it’s also easy to install a template into the system, and there are thousands of templates available at reasonable prices.

There’s a learning curve in how to use a CMS, like WordPress, Joomla or Drupal, but that learning curve will be easier than mastering HTML5 and CSS3. (Hardly anyone uses XHTML any longer, but they’re really quite similar.) Once you’ve grasped the way a CMS works, you won’t need to worry about the design too much — other than whatever formatting needs to be made to the information you add to the individual pages — since it will automatically take on the look of the template itself.

I don’t want to make any generalizations about scams on the internet coming from overseas. There are some very reputable designers and web development companies in places like India (some of them here on this forum). However, there are others that you need to be aware of, and it seems like you’ve learned to identify them. Go the WordPress/commercial template route, and I think you’re probably in a position to do this yourself with a little studying.

You might be surprised at how little it costs if you let a professional designer know exactly what you are looking for and nothing more. You’re time is worth money too. If it takes you days to do what they might be able to do in a few hours, you are saving money.

In this field, there are certificates for learning a skill here and there, and degrees for college. But most of the proof is in the portfolio. If someone doesn’t have examples of the work you’re expecting to have them do, then they probably aren’t a good hire even if they have certificates.

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Hey, I’m not going to beat around the bush. You’re a PhD. You’re an engineer. I would not dream of questioning you regarding your professional knowledge.

But designing an effective website is its own skillset. Yes, it will cost you some money, but running a business costs money. Don’t think of it as an expense. Think of it as an investment in your business.

So you saved a thousand dollars or two thousand dollars doing the website yourself. Is it getting results? Are people finding you via organic searches? Does your site integrate the best SEO practices. Is your site designed to clearly and professionally represent your company? Is your website part of an integral online strategy? And, perhaps most importantly, is your website making the phone ring, generating orders, and creating sales?

My strong suspicion is that a professionally designed website would pay for itself – not just in the ability to convert sales but also in its ability to help position you in the marketplace and build a brand image which is clearly lacking.

Thank you everyone. Whilst getting a pro to do the job could be attractive, I don’t think learning WordPress will be a bad idea. I can use what I learn for non-commercial sites, where it would not be possible to hire anyone.

I will need to look at WooCommerce or similar to integrate with PayPal. I was going to use OpenCart, but if I go the WordPress route, there appears to be better options for a shopping cart.

Thank you designzombie for the tips on finding someone, based on their portfolio. i was in contact with one lot of scammers, who when i asked to see sites they had done, they said it was confidential to customers. I can see some logic in that. In fact, sometimes people ask me who my customers are, but I will not disclose that.

I will probably buy a book or two on WordPress. I know the information can be found on the web, but I often prefer to read a book, rather than look at a computer screen.

Any suggestions for a decent WordPress book or two? You can sort of work out my background.

  • Know basically how websites work.
  • Good unix knowledge
  • Clearly never done an art degree!


So you saved a thousand dollars or two thousand dollars doing the website yourself. Is it getting results? Are people finding you via organic searches? Does your site integrate the best SEO practices. Is your site designed to clearly and professionally represent your company? Is your website part of an integral online strategy? And, perhaps most importantly, is your website making the phone ring, generating orders, and creating sales?

I’m not disputing that there is a lot of skill in creating a good website, although as Just-B wrote

“I don’t know about your other sites you mentioned, but judging from what you’re selling, I doubt your customers are all that interested in a stylish website.”

The aesthetics are probably not as important for my business as they would be if I were an architect, artist or photographer for example. All the other sites I manage are non-commercial.

One advantage of learning WordPress myself, over paying someone to do one site, is I can make a better attempt at other sites, where paying is just not an option.

I don’t think site is too bad from an SEO point. Due to the very specialized nature of what I design, manufacture and sell, I tend to be quite near the top of Google for the keywords I want, such as

  • VNA calibration kit
  • SMA calibration kit
  • vector network analyzer calibration kit.

I’m usually in the top 2-3 on Google. This may not be so for customers outside the UK though, as I have a domain, and the site is hosted in the UK. With hindsight, I wish i’d got a .com domain, as 95% of my customers are not in the UK.

I bought a couple of books on SEO, to learn a bit about it. I subscribed to which I was quite impressed with. It picks up things like if the description is too short or too long, or if a header mentions a keyword that’s not in the text.

I just made a few changes to my Kirkby Microwave site, based on some comments here.

  • Added a logo
  • Changed the colours. I took some ideas for colours from Keysight, to whom I am not a serious competitor (they have a multi-billion dollar business, employing over 10,000 people), but i do sell several kits to their customers, who find my kits cheaper than Keysights. I used a gray like they have, which I think looks better than the red and whatever else before. (I can’t post a link, as there’s a restriction on the number of links one can have here of just 2. )
  • Changed the spacing on the menu structure a bit. I have not made any attempt to change the actual text in the menus at this moment, but clearly it is something that needs to be addressed.

I could make those few changes fairly quickly.

Clearly re-working the site in WordPress would not be such a trivial task.


Out of curiosity, I performed Google and Yahoo searches from here in the US for the terms you listed. Google placed you in the top six for every search. Yahoo placed you in the top ten for each.

If you do go the Wordpress route, be aware that your search engine rankings could take a temporary hit due to the URLs of the individual pages changing. It might be helpful to create .htaccess redirects for those old URLs to their new replacement addresses.

Out of curiosity, I performed Google and Yahoo searches from here in the US for the terms you listed. Google placed you in the top six for every search. Yahoo placed you in the top ten for each.

Only being inside the top 6 or 10 is quite depressing, compared to what I get in the UK, which is the top 2-3 on Google, although I have not checked on Yahoo. My single largest market is the USA.

There are several things that identify the company as being from the UK

  • The fact this is a limited liability company in the UK, means it is listed on the UK government website

  • A domain
  • Hosted in the UK
  • Listed on Google Local business pages. Maybe I should consider removing that.
  • The EV SSL certificate identifies the site as being from Great Britain.

I am wondering whether I should consider changing the domain to a .com. It is really something that would screw up business cards, compliment slips, self adhesive labels that are applied to products etc. But maybe long term changing to a .com and hosting in the USA might be sensible.

That said, one of the areas I would like to expand into, is hiring of my quite extensive laboratory facilities. I have done that a few times when UK companies have approached me to ask whether they could use my vector network analyzers, but I never advertised it as a service. Clearly that is something that is far more useful to have in the UK than the USA, as nobody from the USA is going to come to the UK just to use laboratory facilities, but that is such a separate part of the business, it could be on its own domain.

I really have two types of competitors

  • Companies like Anritsu (US), Rohde & Schwarz (Germany) and Keysight (US). These all produce better products, at considerably higher prices. The smallest (Anritsu) has a turnover of 700 million, and both the other two have turnovers in the billions.

  • Small companies from China, who produce similar products, but have no idea what they are doing. They don’t have the technical expertise. In fact one on eBay has copied huge chunks of my eBay listings, word for word.


I guess I should add, from an SEO point of view, I have only made an real effort to change this in the last week or two. Before that, multiple pages had identical descriptions for example, as I had just copied one file, and not changed the description.

Using as a tool to improve the SEO performance.

Tech and Meta: 81% (8% improvement since I started)
Structure: 93% (no change since I started)
Content: 81% (17% improvement since I started.)

Onpage, 85%. I’m guessing that’s just the average of the first 3.

The fact shows a 17% improvement in content, may hopefully reflect in an improvement in the rankings on Google.

I don’t know how much you can trust site that give one a search engine ranking based on just the homepage, but I seem to be able to score better for that than a lot of companies claiming to be SEO specialists.


Simplify the structure of the displayed. People do not read large texts and an abundance of data. Do more in terms of increasing navigation on your site. This will help with the initial questions.

Notwithstanding the basic reason for killing time, we more often than not have an objective as a top priority when visiting a site. That objective can be finding or sharing substance, getting in contact with the site proprietor or client benefit, acquiring an item, or whatever else truly. Regardless, we need to achieve our objective as fast as conceivable — without getting diverted, lost, or disappointed on the grounds that we can’t discover what we are searching for.

Here are some expert tips for improving the design of your navigation menu.

  1. Keep it simple

The way to a powerful route menu is to keep it basic. Regardless of what number of substance classes you have and what number of pages you may need to interface together, don’t ask excessively from your clients. Contingent upon the multifaceted nature of your site, this can be the most dubious piece of your entire plan.

Make a point to set up your data engineering before you choose a plan for your menu. Client testing strategies, for example, center gatherings and card arranging will assist you with matching your substance to your clients’ psychological schemata. It is vital to gather content things and characterize classes in a way that sounds good to your clients.

Consider the following topics for a simple navigation menu:

  1. Design — Don’t stuff your website. Strip down your design to its bare minimum and keep only elements that add to the usability or the overall user experience of your site.

  2. Content structure — Test your content structure. Not you, but your users need to be able to find content on your site. Ask them to help you structure your content in a logical way.

  1. Use clear wording

Attempt to utilize wording that your clients know about. Once more, approach your guests for help and ensure your route menu is in accordance with their psychological schemata. Try not to design innovative classifications only for being imaginative. Pick wording that is basic and to the point.

Clear wording can differ per site:

Minimalist — For some sites, it can be effective to keep wording to a minimum. In this case, you could consider to add visuals for more clarity.

Descriptive — Do you have very unusual content categories? Why not add some descriptive context to help your visitors find their way.

Standard — Use standard wordings if possible. For common content categories, use labels that people are familiar with, don’t confuse them with creative inventions.

Personal — If it suits your site, don’t be shy and make your wording a little more personal.

  1. Place main navigation menu at top

The situation of your route menu is critical. There are two explanations behind that. As a matter of first importance, individuals have a tendency to take after specific examples when they first take in your site. As indicated by Nielsen, our consideration on sites takes after the example of the letter F. This implies, we center the most around the highest point of a site and on the left side from where we quickly check the primary components in the substance zone. Additionally we stay away from to look down a page wherever conceivable, which implies we primarily center around content that is situated over the overlap.

Second, individuals utilize examples to comprehend and figure out how things function and to get a thought of what’s in store. In his article Brains Agree: The Case for Website Usability Guidelines, Todd Follansbee clarifies why we adore designs so much and that we search for them on the Web simply like wherever else.

Despite the fact that a great deal of sites, particularly those inventive in nature, go astray from these examples, help your clients out and live up to their desires.

Place your navigation menu at the top:

Above the header — A lot of sites place the main navigation menu at the very top of the site. Especially for stuffed or noisy headers this is a good solution.

In the header — If you place your navigation menu inside your header, make sure you don’t distract your visitors with an obtrusive design.

Below the header — If your header offers information that people need before they enter your site, place it above your navigation menu.

  1. Make it visual

The navigation menu is supported by realistic images to help visitors find what they are looking for.

Our brains support visual data over literary data. That is the reason it is an awesome plan to enable your guests to out with some simple to translate visuals.

For instance, reasonable pictures can help first-time guests to discover their way around. More conceptual symbols or hues are extraordinary for repeating guests to recollect a substance class they were especially intrigued by.

Here is how visuals can help make your navigation menu more usable and therefore more effective:

Use icons — Icons help to make a navigation bar more usable, but also more personal and fun to use. Choose clear and meaningful icons and make their style match the rest of your design.

Use color — Use colors to highlight active menu items or build a color scheme for different content categories. Colors are also very important to smoothly integrate your navigation menu in the rest of your design.

Use images — Detailed images can offer a lot of information that might otherwise be difficult to fit into one or two words.

  1. Consider responsive design

makes utilization of an exquisite dropdown menu for little gadgets. The menu is covered up on default and opens when the client tabs the little route symbol.

Tablets and cell phones are turning into our default decision for associating with the web. In August 2012 officially 11.78% of all site hits overall originated from a handheld cell phone. Responsive website composition is a well known answer for this developing portable movement. One site fit for various gadgets and screen sizes.

Simply remember that little screen sizes likewise require a responsive answer for your route menu. The work area variant of a site offers enough screen land to highlight multi-layered route menus. Nonetheless, the littler the screen, the more troublesome it gets the chance to show a similar substance in a reasonable and usable way.

Here is what you can do to effectively design your navigation menus both on big and on small screens:

Prioritize your content — Less screen real estate means less content. Be careful with deciding what information people really need, especially when visiting your site with their mobile.

Handle limited space with creativity — Be creative when it comes to thinking of ways to display your content. You can use dropdown menus, or maybe leave out your menu all together.

Reposition your navigation menu — On mobile, your navigation menu might not be the most important thing anymore. Consider to reposition your menu.

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